New Education policy 2020 vs NPE 1986

On 29th July 2020, the union cabinet have approved the New Education policy 2020, in which many changes have been introduced in comparison to the existing education policies of National policy on education, 1986.

Comparison between NEP 2020 (New education policy) Vs NPE 1986 (National policy on education) :

Comparison between NEP 2020 (New education policy) Vs NPE 1986 (National policy on education)
Comparison between NEP 2020 (New education policy) Vs NPE 1986 (National policy on education)

We have tried to tabulate here almost all the highlights of New Education policy 2020 and compared with the existing National Policy on Education (NPE), 1986. This will give us the clear idea that what the Modi government is doing to improve our education system.

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New Education policy 2020 vs Existing National Policy on Education (NPE), 1986:

New – New Education policy 2020Existing – National Policy on Education (NPE), 1986
Ministry of EducationMinistry of Human Resource Development
Gross Enrolment ratio – 50% (2035)Gross Enrolment ratio – 26.3% (2018)
5+3+3+4 format10+2 format
Break-up of age: 3-8, 8-11, 11-14,  14-18Break-up of age: 6-16, 16-18
Exam – Class 3, 5, 8, 10, 12Exam – Each year up to class 12
Board exam – Objective and descriptive. Twice a year.Board exam – Descriptive. Once a year.
No hard seperation of Art, Commerce, Science. All will be mixed with curriculam.Hard seperation – Art, Commerce, Science
Curriculum content will be reduced to its core essentials
1 Vocational subject is must – class 6 to 8Not mandatory in existing format.
Bag – less days encouraged
Health card and checkup will be done.Health card and supplememts programs are already running.
360 degree holistic report card for students including skills
Coding to be taught from class 6 onwardsNot mandatory in existing format.
3 language – by state, region and choice of student3 language – Hindi, English and the regional
Indian Sign Language students with hearing impairment – to be developed by NIOS
Pre-school to be added in KVsStarts from class 1.
Preparatory class Balavatika for children below the age of 5 – by ECCE qualified teacherNot mandatory in existing format.
Report card to have reviewed from teachers, peers, and students as well.Report card to have reviewed from teachers
NCC wings – secondry and higher secondary schoolsNCC wings – secondry and higher secondary schools
Free boarding schools like JNVs for poor studentsFree boarding schools like JNVs for poor students
National Scholarship portal for SC, ST, OBC and SEDGNational Scholarship portal for SC, ST, OBC and SEDG
Education sector to get 6% of GDPEducation sector get 4.5% of GDP
Minimum qualification for teaching – 4 year integrated B.Ed degree by 2030
IITs will include multidisciplinary like arts, humanities etc.
National Testing Agency (NTA) – It will conduct aptitude test, and exams in the sciences, humanities, languages, arts, and vocational subjects, at least twice every year for university entrance exams.
E-content in total 8 languagesLack of regional language e-content
Multiple entry and exit options for incomplete courses. Their credits will be transferred through Academic Bank of Credits.This is the main difference between both the policies with credit storing for higher studies.
For Higher studies, 4 options are given: 1 -year diploma, 2-year Advanced Diploma, 3-year Graduation, 4-year Graduation with research.For Higher studies, 4 options were already there: 1/2 -year diploma, 3-year Graduation, 4-year Graduation with research.
After graduation, Master’s degree of 1 year and 2 year with research options are given.After graduation, Master’s degree of 1/2 year were already there.
M.Phil is discontinued. Doctorate can be pursued after Master’s.First M.Phil, then Doctorate could be pursued.
Best Indian universities to set up campuses in other countries and best 100 foreign universities may come to setup in India.
At least 1 large multidisciplinary institution in or near every district by the year 2030
Controlling Authority – HECI (Higher Education Commission of India) except Medical and Legal. Divided into 4 parts: National Higher Education Regulatory Council (NHERC) for regulation, General Education Council (GEC ) for standard setting, Higher Education Grants Council (HEGC) for funding, and National Accreditation Council( NAC) for accreditation.Controlling Authority – UGC, AICTE (Technical), ICAR (Agriculture), BCI (Legal), CCIM (Medical), ICAI, ICSI, CBSE, NCERT etc.
Adult learning – Tech based option through apps, TV etc.Adult learning –  Several programs  are already running.
New academic session to begin in September- October (Delay due to Corona crisis)
New Education policy 2020 vs Existing National Policy on Education (NPE), 1986:

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Source of article NPE 2020: HT, TOI, MHRD-GoI, NDTV, IE etc.

DISCLAIMER: Kindly consult MHRD website for any confusion or clarification.

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